Despite many complaints from affected households and following the silencing of NGOs monitoring the resettlement impacts of the railways rehabilitation, many Phnom Penh households have been given until the end of the month, in the middle of the rainy season as well as religious festival Pchum Ben, to move from their homes along the railway tracks.
Like elsewhere in the country, the project’s relocation of the Phnom Penh families seems rife with problems and potential safeguards violations. The relocation site, Trapeang Anchangh, is for some of the families around 30km from their former homes. Many have received less than US$1,000 to relocate to the new site, which exemplifies complete lack of creative planning in the lay-out of the plots for the almost 200 households expected there. Don’t expect trees for shelter either – the site is next to another relocated community in the middle of rice fields, though relatively close to a posh golf course highlighting the growing difference between the rich and the poor in Cambodia.
While piped and drinkable water is communally available, those already resident at the site report they are required to pay around 150,000 riels for water connection to their new homes, and a similar amount for electricity connection. According to the ADB, relocated households should be exempt these costs, yet affected households around the country report similarly.
Around one quarter of the plots are currently occupied and/or show signs of ongoing building work. Some dwellings look as though they have been rebuilt by the occupants exactly the way they were in their old location, while other families have taken out loans to build stronger brick structures. Some families live in extremely basic tarpaulin tents, which they say flood each time it rains. The drainage does not appear to be working, and residents say they are having to spend a lot of money lifting the ground before building their new homes on it.
Most are worried about their income. Many are former city dwellers used to making their money from the hustle and bustle of the capital. Here, in the middle of rice fields, there is nothing. (Perhaps they might be able to get jobs at the gold course?) The Income Restoration Programme – also part of the ADB-approved resettlement plan – is nowhere to be seen.