ពលរដ្ឋ​រង​ផល​ប៉ះ​ពាល់​ដោយ​សារ​ការ​សាង​សង់​ផ្លូវ​ដែក​កំពុង​ប្រមូល​ផ្តុំ​គ្នា​តវ៉ា​នៅ​ខាង​កើត​​​ភូមិ​គ្រឹះ​សម្តេច​ហ៊ុន សែន

ដោយ៖ផ្កាយព្រឹក, កោះសន្ដិភាព,ថ្ងៃព្រហស្បតិ៍ ទី៥ កុម្ភៈ ២០១៥

រាជ​ធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​ ៖ តាម​សេចក្តី​រាយការណ៍​ពី​អ្នក​ឆ្លើយ​ឆ្លង​ព័ត៌​មាន​បាន​ឱ្យ​ដឹង​ថា នៅ​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​៥ កុម្ភៈ នេះ​ប្រជា​ពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​រង​ការ​​ប៉ះ​ពាល់​ដោយ​សារ​ការ​សាង​សង់​ផ្លូវ​ដែក​ប្រមាណ​ជាង​៤០​នាក់​បាន​និង​កំពុង​​ប្រមូល​ផ្តុំ​​គ្នា​តវ៉ា​នៅ​​ចំណុច​ក្បែរ​ធនា​គារ​ADB ខាង​កើត​​ភូមិ​គ្រឹះ​សម្តេច​ហ៊ុន​ សែន ដោយ​មាន​លើក​បដា និង​ស្រែក​តាម​មី​ក្រូ​​​ទាម​ទារ​ឱ្យ​ធនា​គារ​អភិ​វឌ្ឍន៍​អាស៊ី​ (ADB)ដែល​ទទួល​សាង​សង់​ផ្លូវ​នេះ​ផ្អាក​គម្រោង​សាង​សង់​ផ្លូវ​ដែក​សិន​ និង​សិក្សា​ពី​ផល​ប៉ះ​ពាល់​លំនៅ​ឋាន​ប្រជា​ពលរដ្ឋ​ជាមុន​សិន​។

ពេល​នេះ​គេ​មិន​ទាន់​ឃើញ​ខាង​ធនា​គារ​ចេញ​មក​​​​​​​អន្តរា​គមន៍​នៅ​ឡើយ​ ហើយ​ការ​តវ៉ា​នេះ​ធ្វើ​ឡើង​ដោយ​​មិន​មានការ​បង្ក្រាប​ពី​អាជ្ញា​ធរ​ទេ​៕

 

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ប្រជា​សហគមន៍​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​ADB​ផ្ដល់ព័ត៌មាន​ពី​គម្រោង​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍​តាម​ការសន្យា​​

ដោយ៖ណាត សុភាព, ភ្នំពេញប៉ុស្ដិ៍ុំ,ថ្ងៃព្រហស្បតិ៍ ទី៥ កុម្ភៈ ២០១៥

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ប្រជាសហគមន៍​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​តវ៉ា​មុខ​ធនាគារ​អភវឌ្ឍន៍​អាស៊ី នៅ​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍​នេះ (រូបភាព៖ កាន់ វិច្ឆិកា)

ប្រជា​សហគមន៍​រស់នៅ​តាម​បណ្តោយ​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​មាន​គ្នា​ប្រមាណ​៦០​នាក់​នៅ​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍​នេះ​ប្រមូលផ្ដុំ​គ្នា​ជា​ថ្មី​មុខ​ធនាគារ​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍អាស៊ី​(ADB) ដើម្បី​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​ធនាគារ​នេះ​រៀបចំ​កិច្ចប្រជុំ​ជាមួយ​ក្រុមហ៊ុនអភិវឌ្ឍន៍​​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​​តាម​ការ​សន្យា ដើម្បី​សាកសួរ​ព័ត៌មាន​លម្អិត​ស្ដីពី​គម្រោង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង ។​

​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៦ ខែ​មករា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥ បន្ទាប់ពី​មាន​ការតវ៉ា​ពី​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ធនាគារ ADB បាន​សន្យា​ជាមួយ​ប្រជា​សហគមន៍​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​ថា នឹង​ផ្តល់​ព័ត៌មាន​ពី​ការជួបប្រជុំ​សាធារណៈ​ជា​មួយ​ភាគី​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​អង្គារ ទី​២០ ខែ​មករា ទាក់ទង​នឹង​គម្រោង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​នេះ។​

​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​ចូលរួម​ធ្វើ​ការតវ៉ា​នៅ​ព្រឹក​នេះ​បានឲ្យដឹងថា កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២០ ខែ​មករា ADBមិន​បានរៀបចំឲ្យ​មាន​កិច្ច​ប្រជុំ​​ផ្ដល់​ព័ត៌មាន​ដូច​ការសន្យា​ទេ ដោយ​មន្ត្រី​នៅ​ធនាគារ​នេះ​បាន​ប្រាប់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ថា មន្ត្រី​បរទេស​ដែល​ទទួល ខុសត្រូវ​លើ​កិច្ចការ​នេះ​ត្រូវមាន​ភារៈកិច្ច​ទៅ​ក្រៅប្រទេស ។​

​ពលរដ្ឋ​ឲ្យដឹង​ទៀតថា រហូតមកដល់​ពេលនេះ ពួកគេ​នៅ​មិនទាន់​ទទួលបាន​ព័ត៌មាន​ពីADB ​នៅឡើយ ទើប​ពួកគេ​នាំគ្នា​ធ្វើ​ការតវ៉ា​ជាថ្មី ដើម្បី​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​ស្ថាប័ន​នេះ ផ្តល់​ព័ត៌មាន​ឲ្យបាន​ជាក់លាក់ពី​ចំនួន​ម៉ែត្រ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​កំណត់​ចេញពី​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​ទៅ​ផ្ទះ​របស់​ពួកគេ ខណៈ​ពួកគេ​ព្រួយបារម្ភ​ពី​ការបណ្តេញចេញ​ពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន​ទាំង​បង្ខំ ។​

​សហគមន៍​ទាំងនោះ​រួមមាន សហគមន៍​ភូមិ​២ ភូមិ​១៧ ភូមិ​១០៤ ភូមិ​១០៥ ភូមិ​២៣ សហគមន៍​រួមចិត្ត​តែមួយ និង​សហគមន៍​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍​ថ្មី​ជាដើម ។​
​ក្រុម​ប្រជា​សហគមន៍​បាន​ព្រមាន​ធ្វើបាតុកម្ម​ទ្រង់ទ្រាយ​ធំ ប្រសិន​បើ​ពួកគេ​នៅតែ​មិន​ទទួលបាន​ព័ត៌មាន​លម្អិត​ស្ដីពី​គម្រោង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​រថ​ភ្លើង​នេះ ។​

​ភ្លាមៗ​នេះ VOD មិនទាន់​អាច​សុំ​ការឆ្លើយតប​ពី​ធនាគារ​អភិវឌ្ឍន៍​អាស៊ី (ADB)​បាន​នៅឡើយ​ទេ ។​

​គួរបញ្ជាក់​ថា ក្រុមហ៊ុន Toll Royal Railway និង​ក្រុមហ៊ុន Royal Group របស់លោក គិត ម៉េង  បាន​ទទួល​គម្រោង​សាងសង់​បណ្ដាញ​ផ្លូវដែក​កម្ពុជា ពី​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​ចំនួន​២​ខ្សែ គឺ​ផ្លូវដែក​ពី​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ ទៅ​ក្រុង​ព្រះសីហនុ  និង​ពី​ភ្នំពេញ​ទៅ​បន្ទាយមានជ័យ ។ គម្រោង​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវដែក​នេះ បាន​ធ្វើឲ្យប៉ះពាល់​ដល់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ជាង​៣០០០​គ្រួសារ ។​

​កាលពី​ខែ​ធ្នូ ឆ្នាំ​២០១៤ ក្រុមហ៊ុន Toll Group ប្រកាសថា​បាន​លក់​ភាគហ៊ុន​៥៥​ភាគរយ​របស់ខ្លួន​នៅក្នុង​គម្រោង​សម្បទាន​ក្រុមហ៊ុន Toll Royal Railway ឲ្យទៅ Royal Group  របស់លោក គិត ម៉េង ដោយ​អះអាង​ថា មូលហេតុ​នៃ​ការសម្រេចចិត្ត​ដកខ្លួន​ចេញ ដោយសារ​ប្រាក់ចំណូល​ដែល​ទទួលបាន កាន់តែ​ទាប​ជាង​ការរំពឹងទុក រួម​ទាំង​ការបរាជ័យ និង​ការពន្យារពេល​ក្នុង​ការងារ​កែលម្អ​ផ្លូវដែក ៕

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Email Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post – Compensation plan agreed to, says ADB Home National Business Lifestyle Sport Columns 7 Days Real estate Siem Reap Insider Multimedia Post jobs Forte insurance Compensation plan agreed to, says ADB

By Kevin Ponniah, Phnom Penh Post, April 1,  2014

Following a scathing report from its internal watchdog about the resettlement of thousands of Cambodian families affected by a national railway rehabilitation project that it is funding, the Asian Development Bank has agreed with the government on an action plan for further compensation, it said yesterday.

The ADB Compliance Review Panel’s central recommendation was that the government set up a compensation fund of up to $4 million, funded by ADB loans, to further compensate families, but the bank is remaining tight-lipped on what exactly has been agreed to.

“ADB Management, in consultation with the Government of Cambodia, has developed remedial actions to address the Board-approved recommendations . . . The remedial actions are currently undergoing ADB’s internal review, including consultation with CRP,” it said in a statement. “Thereafter the remedial actions will be implemented to bring the Project back into compliance.”

Families began moving in 2010 to make way for the $143 million project, funded primarily by ADB loans.

The watchdog’s report – which found that compensation for relocated families was inadequate, homes undervalued and lost income not covered – laid the blame at the feet of the ADB, which oversaw the government’s resettlement plan, for failing to implement its own safeguards.

On January 31, the ADB said it would prepare a “time-bound action plan” within 60 days in coordination with the government in order to address “compensation deficits and other deficiencies”.

Last week, Stephen Groff, the bank’s vice-president for operations in East Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, visited Cambodia. Minister of Economy and Finance Aun Porn Moniroth met with Groff on March 27 “to discuss railroad rehabilitation in Cambodia”, according to a government statement.

In February, rights groups argued that the bank would be passing the buck on its own failures if it made the government pay out for further compensation through loans, as recommended.

ADB Railway Project Made ‘Major’ Mistakes

 By Zsombor Peter | February 8, 2014

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) made “major” mistakes in designing and carrying out a $143 million project to rehabilitate Cambodia’s dilapidated railway system, mistakes that helped drive hundreds of families deeper into poverty and debt, according to a new report for the bank released on Friday.

The final report of the ADBÕs independent compliance review panel, the result of a 17-month investigation, lays out a history of bad planning, faulty land measurements and missed opportunities and says the bank needs to rethink its entire approach to dealing with the local communities directly impacted by all of its projects.

The report, approved by the ADBÕs board of directors on January 31 in its first official admission of guilt, vindicates the many complaints and studies human rights groups say have been issues for years. The board, at the same time, adopted six of the panel’s recommendations and said it would come up with an action plan within 60 days to carry them out.

Some 3,000 families living along the tracks have lost parts of their land to make way for the project and another 1,000 have had to move to ill-equipped resettlement camps from Sihanoukville to Poipet.

“These people have suffered loss of property, livelihoods and income and as a result have borne a disproportionate cost and burden of the development efforts funded by ADB,” the report says.

Approved by the ADB in 2006, the project was envisioned to make Cambodia’s economy more competitive with its neighbors and bring down consumer prices by diverting some transport from road to rail. While the southern line between Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville is up and running, the longer northern line, which links Phnom Penh to Poipet and the Thai border, has no money to call on and is far from finished.

According to the new report, the seeds of the project’s troubles were planted from the start.

“The [review panel] found major design flaws in the original 2006 [resettlement plan],” the compliance review panel said.

“These included inadequate requirements for consultation with and participation of [affected households], a lack of provisions for inflation-indexed compensation, no provisions for replacement housing of minimum standard to improve the situation of poor and vulnerable resettled families, inadequate planning for the facilities required at resettlement sites, inadequate grievance redress mechanisms, and a weak program for capacity building for government entities involved in the project.”

The review panel makes a number of recommendations to bring the ongoing project into full compliance with the ADB safeguard policies the ADB broke, from improving the facilities at resettlement sites to spending another $3 million to $4 million on giving the families the additional compensation they deserve.

With regard to the latter, Ly Borin, director of the Ministry of Transport’s railway department, said he did not know where the money would come from.

“I don’t know,” he said. “Who would borrow that much money to pay it [out in compensation]?” he asked.

The board also approved a recommendation to “improve the functioning of the grievance redress mechanism, to be reflected in a time-bound and verifiable action plan.”

The report says the problems with the railway project were “particularly grievous” because it repeated many of the same mistakes the ADB made on a past project to improve Cambodia’s National Road 1, and that both projects were staffed by some of the same people who should have learned from the first experience.

After this, the panel says, the ADB needs a “mind shift” in the way it treats people evicted by its projects and to not handle their needs as “mere add-ons.”

“There is a need for an urgent, firm and clear message to ADB management that resettlement, environmental and public disclosure and consultation issues should be taken seriously and accorded the priority consideration they deserve,” the report says.

“The inclusion of vulnerable and affected populations as direct beneficiaries must be part of the DNA of ADB projects and be implanted in the very conceptual embryo of each such project.”

Besides its recommendations specific to the railway project, the panel says the ADB should assign more staff and find reliable, effective and independent monitors for all future projects where resettlement and environmental impacts are significant.

The investigators found that resettlement sites were far from the families’ jobs and that efforts to help them earn more money were late in coming. They found “considerable inaccuracies” in the measurement and inventory of the property families had to give up. The compensation scheme drawn up in 2006 was not changed when relocation sites were set up farther away than originally planned, nor adjusted for inflation when being paid out five or more years later.

The report says it all added up to evictees being forced to take on even more debt, often at exorbitant interest rates.

“While there are success stories of [affected households] making good or doing better, overall the resettlement left a substantial number of [them] worse off and impoverished,” it says.

The investigators visited four of the five resettlement sites and found “serious infrastructure problems” at each.

“The health center at [the] Phnom Penh site was in an appalling state with one bed, no medical doctor and a building badly in need of repair to serve its larger resettlement population,” the report says.

According to the panel, the ADB had taken note of the project’s shortcomings in its own regular mission reports, but did not get actively involved with the government and families until after the NGOs took their complaints to the ADB president in late 2010.
In its recommendations, the review panel says the best option would be a fresh cost study and audit to find out exactly how much additional compensation each family deserves. However, it dismissed the idea because an audit would take at least two years and the government was opposed to it anyway.

“These [affected households] need assistance as soon as possible and the delay is not justified,” the report says. “Besides, the [review panel’s] interviews with government officials clearly showed that the government does not favor a resettlement audit.”

The human rights groups that have been pressing the ADB to fix its mistakes and do more for the families for the past few years welcomed the report, but said the ADB should have taken responsibility long ago.

“It is an outrage that ADB failed to act all these years while people fell into a spiral of debt and poverty after the resettlement plans it approved turned out to be disastrous,” said David Pred, managing director of the NGO Inclusive Development International.

Inclusive Development and Equitable Cambodia filed the complaint that eventually triggered the investigation on behalf of 22 families living at the resettlement sites.

The NGO Sahmakum Teang Tnaut also did much of the work and research documenting the plight of the families over the years and bringing their problems to light.

Ee Sarom, Sahmakum’s program coordinator, said the ADB still had to prove it was now prepared to fix the mistakes it has finally admitted to.

“This is ADB’s opportunity to demonstrate to the Cambodian people whether it is here to alleviate poverty or to create it,” Mr. Sarom said.

The same rights groups have been urging the Australian government, which has pledged $21.5 million to the project, to do more for the families as well.

On Tuesday, the Australian Embassy put out a statement welcoming the coming ADB report and saying it would work with those responsible for implementing the recommendations. It did not admit any fault for the project’s mistakes and ignored a list of questions.

Officials at the ministries of Transport and Economics could not be reached for comment.

 

 

Where are the railways monitoring reports?

No new social monitoring reports on the railways rehabilitation project have been published since November 2012, raising concerns about the lack of external monitoring of the project as well as public access to information regarding the project. Redecam, the supposedly independent project monitor hired by the government, is meant to submit quarterly reports featuring details of the social impacts of the the ADB and AusAID-financed project. These are subsequently uploaded to the ADB website for public access. Yet the latest publicly available report, #19, covers the time period Aug-Nov 2012, and no reports have been public since. While the quality of Redecam’s reports has generally been poor, the lack of reports entirely underlines the ongoing lack of transparency and accountability that has plagued the railways project from the get-go.

Media Statement: Resettled to Poverty

Sahmakum Teang Tnaut

Media Statement

Jun. 4, 2013

 

End of the Line, a new report by Sahmakum Teang Tnaut (STT), reveals Phnom Penh Households relocated as part of the ADB- and AusAID-funded railways rehabilitation project have been harmed. Using resettlement expert Michael Cernea’s theoretical framework, the report shows how Project partners failed to mitigate well-established risks associated with resettlement, to the detriment of the living standards of the people affected.  

Since September 2011, at least 143 Households have been relocated from along Phnom Penh’s railway tracks to Trapeang Anhchanh relocation site to make way for the rehabilitation of Cambodia’s railways. As part of their relocation package, each Household was provided a plot at the peri-urban site, as well as an individual amount of monetary compensation based on the Household’s previous structure along the railway tracks and its socio-economic profile.

STT’s new report – End of the Line – presents to date the most comprehensive assessment of socio-economic outcomes of resettlement under the Project. The original aim of the research was to survey relocated Households against Households remaining along the railway tracks, using Michael Cernea’s Impoverishment Risks and Reconstruction Model, which outlines eight key risks associated with resettlement: landlessness, joblessness, homelessness, marginalisation, increased morbidity, food insecurity, loss of access to community resources, and social disarticulation. However, it was soon discovered that a large amount of Households relocated to Trapeang Anhchanh were not living on the Project-sponsored site on a regular basis, and so a third group was added to the research.

Data presented in the report plainly shows that in the short run, Households relocated as part of the Project have been harmed. The group of 68 relocated Households residing in Trapeang Anhchanh resettlement site for at least four nights per week appears to have suffered resettlement-related harms in almost every category of risks identified in Cernea’s model. The 28 relocated Households whose coping strategy predominantly includes renting properties close to their previous homes, seem to have fared marginally better, ostensibly on account of opting not to live at the Project-sponsored site. By comparison, the living standards of the 91 Households still living along the railway tracks saw no marked change between 2011 and 2012.

“Our latest research shows that on each of eight well-known risks associated with resettlement, the Project failed to take the necessary mitigative actions, to the detriment of resettlement outcomes,” said Ee Sarom, Programmes Coordinator. “There is no question about it, Households affected by the railways rehabilitation in Phnom Penh have become impoverished and marginalised as a result.”

“Failed resettlement under the Project is particularly disappointing given that it was entirely predictable,” said Nora Lindstrom, Programme Development Manager and co-author of the report. “STT has been monitoring the railways rehabilitation project since before Phnom Penh Households were relocated; in our 2011 report Rehabilitation of Cambodia’s railways: Comparison of field data we highlighted widespread problems in compensation rates and recommended suspension of resettlement activities pending a review of resettlement plans and processes. Unfortunately, this was not taken on board.”

The findings of the report highlight a prominent need for prompt corrective action to be taken by the Royal Government of Cambodia together with the Asian Development Bank and AusAID. Specific recommendations are made to this effect, the most prominent of which include debt relief and development of income-generating opportunities, as part of a comprehensive corrective action plan developed together with the Affected Households.

“The ADB’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy demands that the living standards of Households affected by the Project are brought back to pre-relocation levels,” said Sok Lida, Research Project Manager and lead researcher. “We know that the institutions involved in the Project have to date taken some measures to address the situation at Trapeang Anhchanh, but a comprehensive action plan to address the resettlement failure is lacking.”

As the Project’s partners prepare to relocate a further 105 Households in Phnom Penh, the report also outlines valuable lessons to be learnt to improve future resettlement outcomes. Disclosure of resettlement plans and meaningful consultation on these ahead of any relocation would significantly help to prevent the kind of resettlement failures the Project has to date suffered from by strengthening transparency, information disclosure, and dialogue. In addition, participatory development of income restoration programmes and their commencement prior to relocation would allow Affected Households a greater sense of ownership of the situation, thus also contributing to better outcomes.

“We sincerely hope the Project’s implementers and funders will take our recommendations on board,” said Ee Sarom. “The report outlines valuable lessons to be learnt for future resettlement under the Railways Rehabilitation Project, but also provides concrete recommendations for improving resettlement outcomes in Cambodia more generally.”

 

Media Contacts:

 

Ee Sarom, Programmes Coordinator, +855 12 836 533, sarom@teangtnaut.org

Nora Lindstrom, Programme Development Manager, +855 15 552 805, nora@teangtnaut.org

Sok Lida, Research Project Manager, +855 12 544 230, da@teangtnaut.org

សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍សារព័ត៌មាន ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋរងផលប៉ះពាល់ពីគម្រោងស្តារផ្លូវរថភ្លើង បានដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅគណ:កម្មការ ដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រសួង

ថ្ងៃនេះ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋរស់នៅភ្នំពេញជាង ៩០គ្រួសារ ទទួលរងផលប៉ះ ពាល់ពី គម្រោងស្តារផ្លូវ រថភ្លើងស្ថិតក្រោមជំនួយហិរញ្ញវត្ថុរបស់ធនាគារអភិវឌ្ឍន៍អាស៊ី និងរដ្ឋាភិបាលប្រទេសអូ-ស្រ្តាលី បានដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅគណ:កម្មការដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រសួង ហៅកាត់ថា (IRC)។ ដើមបណ្តឹង រួមមាន ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋដែលបានចាកចេញទៅនៅទីតាំងថ្មី (ត្រពាំងអញ្ចាញ) និងអ្នកដែលរងផលប៉ះពាល់មួយផ្នែក បានថ្លែងថាពួកគាត់បាន នឹងកំពុងប្រឈមបញ្ហាដោយសារគម្រោងនេះ ហេតុដូច្នេះ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋចង់បានដំណោះស្រាយ។ ជាពិសេស ពួកគាត់បានអះអាងថា ពួកគាត់ពុំបានទទួលសំណងត្រឹមត្រូវដូចមាន កំណត់នៅក្នុងគោលនយោបាយដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ អាស្រ័យហេតុនេះ ពួកគាត់ស្នើសុំសំណងបន្ថែម។ ចំពោះដើមបណ្តឹងដែលបន្តរស់នៅតាមបណ្តោយផ្លូវរថភ្លើង ក៏បានស្នើសុំផងដែរឲ្យមាន ការធានាសុវត្ថិភាពក្នុងការ កាន់កាប់ដីធ្លី រហូតដល់ពេលរដ្ឋាភិបាលត្រូវការអភិវឌ្ឍនទៅលើផ្លូវរថភ្លើងនោះបន្ថែម ។

ពាក្យបណ្តឹងរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ដាក់ទៅគណ:កម្មការដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រ-សួង គឺបន្ទាប់ពីមានការច្រានចោលបណ្តឹងរបស់ពួកគាត់ ដោយយន្តការគណនេយ្យភាពរបស់ធនា-គារអភិវឌ្ឍន៍អាស៊ី ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ បានដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅផ្នែករកដំណោះស្រាយរបស់យន្តការគណនេយ្យភាព គឺការិយាល័យសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស ហៅកាត់ថា(OSPF) នៅថ្ងៃទី១៥ ខែមិនា ឆ្នាំ២០១៣។ ផ្ទុយទៅវិញពាក្យ បណ្តឹងពុំត្រូវបានទទួលដោះស្រាយ ដោយហេតុថា ដំណើរការស៊ើបអង្កេតរបស់គណ:កម្មាធិការ ត្រួតនិពិត្យអនុលោមភាព ហៅកាត់ថា (CRP) កំពុងដំណើរការ។ កាលពីខែវិច្ឆិកា ឆ្នាំ២០១១ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ប្រមាណជា ១៥០គ្រួសារ បានដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងមួយទៅការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) ហើយបណ្តឹងនេះត្រូវបានទទួលយក និងចាត់ការ។ ដំណើរការនៃការដោះស្រាយបណ្តឹងនោះត្រូវបានបញ្ចប់ ជាលទ្ធផល ដើមបណ្តឹងភាគច្រើនបានទទួលសំណងបន្ថែមទៅលើសំណងដើមដែលខ្លួនបានទទួល ដូចមានកំណត់នៅក្នុងគោលនយោបាយដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់។

លោកស្រី លុយ អ៊ីម បានឲ្យដឹងថា “ពួកយើងដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស ពីព្រោះយើងបានដឹងថា ដើមបណ្តឹងមុនបានទទួលសំណងបន្ថែមលើសំណងដែលសមនឹងទទួលបាន”។ “នៅពេលគេដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងដំបូង ពួកយើងមានការភ័យខ្លាចក្នុងការចូលរួមសកម្មភាពបណ្តឹង។ តែឥឡូវ ពួកយើងពុំអាចស្នើសុំការដោះស្រាយពីការិយា-ល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស OSPF ទៀតទេ។ នេះពិតជាធ្វើឱ្យខ្ញុំមានអារម្មណ៍សៅហ្មងក្នុងចិត្តជាខ្លាំង”។

លោក ឃួន ព្រំសារិទ្ធិ បានថ្លែងថា “ពួកយើងបានដឹងថា ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋជាច្រើនមិនបានទទួលសំណងដោយត្រឹមត្រូវនោះទេ”។ “ការដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅគណ:កម្មការដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រសួង (IRC) ពួកយើងជឿជាក់ថា ពួកគេនឹងយកបណ្តឹងនេះទៅដោះស្រាយដូចគ្នានឹងដំណើរការនៅការិយាល័យ អ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស ដែលបានអនុវត្តជាមួយនឹងបណ្តឹងផ្សេងទៀតកន្លងមក”។

ភាពចន្លោះប្រហោង និងភាពរឹងត្អឹងរបស់យន្តការគណនេយ្យភាពរបស់ធនាគារអភិវឌ្ឍ-ន៍អាស៊ី គឺជាប្ញស្សគល់បណ្តាលឲ្យមានស្ថានភាពនេះកើតឡើង។ គោលការណ៍ណែនាំរបស់ការិ-យាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួល គម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) បានកំណត់ថា ការិយាល័យខ្លួនមិនទទួលដោះសា្រយពាក្យបណ្តឹង ដែលមកពីគម្រោងដូចគ្នា ប្រសិនបើបណ្តឹងនោះកំពុងចាត់ការដោយគណ:កម្មាធិការត្រួតពិនិត្យអនុលោមភាព (CRP) បើទោះជា មានពាក្យបណ្តឹងខុសគ្នាក៏ដោយ។ ការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) គឺដោះស្រាយ តែប្រជាពលរដ្ឋដែលដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងមកខ្លួនប៉ុណ្ណោះ ហើយមិនដោះស្រាយសម្រាប់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋរងផល ប៉ះពាល់ទូទៅនោះទេ។

កញ្ញា នោរ៉ា លីមស្រ្តម ប្រធានកម្មវិធីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍នៃសមាគមធាងត្នោត បានលើកឡើងថា “នៅពេលដែលបណ្តឹងកាលពីខែវិច្ឆិកា ឆ្នាំ២០១១ ត្រូវបានដាក់ ពាក្យបណ្តឹងនោះបានស្នើសុំថា រាល់លទ្ធផលចេញពីដំណោះស្រាយពីយន្តការនេះ គួរអនុវត្តទៅលើគ្រួសាររងផលប៉ះពាល់ពីគ-ម្រោងផ្លូវរថភ្លើងទាំងអស់ ដោយហេតុថា ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋជាច្រើន ពុំបានដឹងពីសិទ្ធិរបស់ពួកគេក្នុងការដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹងទៅយន្តការនេះ ហើយអ្នកខ្លះទៀត មានការភ័យខ្លាចមិនហ៊ានដាក់ពាក្យបណ្តឹង ដោយសារតែការគំរាមកំហែង និងការបំភិតបំភ័យ។ ចំណែកឯ ខាងអង្គការសង្គមស៊ីវិល គឺពុំមានធនធាន និងលទ្ធភាពគ្រប់គ្រាន់ក្នុង ការជួយប្រជាពលរដ្ឋរងផលប៉ះពាល់ទាំងអស់នោះទេ។ ជាងនេះទៀត យើងមានទិន្នន័យដែលបង្ហាញពីការផ្តល់សំណងតិចជាងគោលនយោបាយ នៅពេលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋទទួលសំណងនោះ”។ ហើយ “ជាអកុសលពេក ដែលការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) បានបដិសេធមិនដោះស្រាយដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ រងផលប៉ះពាល់ទូទៅ ហើយឥឡូវ ជាលទ្ធផលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋផ្សេងទៀត ពុំអាចស្នើសុំដំណោះស្រាយពីការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) ទេ”។

ពាក្យបណ្តឹងដាក់ទៅគណ:កម្មាធិការត្រួតពិនិត្យអនុលោមភាព (CRP) គឺនៅខែសីហា ឆ្នាំ២០១២ ស្នើសុំឲ្យយន្តការនេះចុះធ្វើការស៊ើបអង្កេតលើគម្រោងទាំងមូល ដោយហេតុថា ម្ចាស់-បណ្តឹងមុនដែលបាន ដាក់ទៅការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោងពិសេស (OSPF) ពុំពេញចិត្តនឹងដំណើរការដោះស្រាយ និងនីតិវិធីរបស់ ការិយាល័យនេះ ព្រោះពុំបានត្រួតពិនិត្យការអនុវត្តន៍ទាំងមូលនៃគោលនយោបាយផ្លាស់ប្តូរទីលំនៅថ្មីដោយ មិនស្ម័គ្រចិត្តរបស់ធនាគារអភិវឌ្ឍន៍អាស៊ី។

លោក អៀង វុទ្ធី នាយកប្រតិបត្តិនៃអង្គការសមធម៌កម្ពុជា បានថ្លែងថា “គណ:កម្មាធិការ-ត្រួតពិនិត្យអនុលោមភាព (CRP) គឺជាយន្តការខុសគ្នាពីការិយាល័យអ្នកសម្របសម្រួលគម្រោង ពិសេស OSPF។ ទោះបីជា គណ:កម្មាធិការនេះមានមុខងារសំខាន់ក្នុងការវាយតម្លៃ ថាតើធនាគារ អភិវឌ្ឍន៍អាស៊ីរំលោភលើគោលការណ៍ប្រតិបត្តិ និងនីតិវិធីក្នុងការសម្របសម្រួល ចំណាត់ការ ឬការអនុវត្តន៍គម្រោង ក៏គណ:កម្មាធិការនេះមិនបានរកដំណោះស្រាយក្នុងការកែប្រែអត្រាសំណងនោះដោយផ្ទាល់ឡើយ ដោយហេតុនេះហើយ ទើបការស្វែងរក ដំណោះស្រាយតាមរយៈយន្តការទាំងពីរមានសារសំខាន់”។ “ពួកយើងសង្ឃឹមយ៉ាងមុតមាំថា គណ:កម្មការដោះ ស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រសួង នឹងចាត់ការលើពាក្យបណ្តឹងថ្មីនេះ ព្រមទាំងដំណើរការឲ្យបានត្រឹមត្រូវ តម្លាភាព និងប្រកបដោយសមភាព។ នេះជាឱកាសដ៏ល្អមួយសម្រាប់គណ:កម្មការដោះស្រាយផលប៉ះពាល់ថ្នាក់អន្តរក្រសួង (IRC) ក្នុងការបង្ហាញពីសមត្ថភាព និងវិជ្ជាជីវ:ត្រឹមត្រូវរបស់ខ្លួន”។

ព័ត៌មានបន្ថែម សូមទំនាក់ទំនង៖

លោក ឃួន ព្រំសារិទ្ធិ តំណាងសហគមន៍ត្រពាំងអញ្ចាញ : 077524790/ 088 9223270
លោក អូ លន់ តំណាងអ្នកភូមិមកពីភូមិទី២៣ : 092 234 295
លោកស្រី លុយ អ៊ីម តំណាងអ្នកភូមិមកពីទួលសង្កែ : 092 655 419
លោកស្រី រស់ លី តំណាងអ្នកភូមិមកពីទួលសង្កែ : 097 393 8883

កញ្ញា នោរ៉ា លីមស្រ្តម ប្រធានកម្មវិធីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ នៃសមាគមធាងត្នោត៖ +855 15 552 805 អ៊ីម៉ែល nora@teangtnaut.org
លោក អៀង វុទ្ធី នាយកប្រតិបត្តិ នៃ អង្គការសមធម៌កម្ពុជា៖ +855 12 791 700 អ៊ីម៉ែល vuthy@equitablecambodia.org

Statement: Railways Households Submit Complaint to the IRC

Equitable Cambodia
Sahmakum Teang Tnaut

Media Statement
May 20, 2013


Railways Households Submit Complaint to the IRC

Ninety Phnom Penh Households affected by the ADB- and AusAID-funded Railways Rehabilitation Project have today submitted complaints to the Inter-Ministerial Resettlement Committee (IRC). The complainants, comprising of both Households relocated to Trapeang Anhchanh and Households that had to demolish part of their homes along the railways, maintain that they have been harmed by the Project and seek redress. Specifically, the Households claim that they did not receive the correct compensation as outlined in the Project’s Resettlement Plan and are consequently seeking additional compensation. Complainants who remain along the railways are also seeking assurances of tenure security up until such a time as further development of the railways is due.

The Households’ complaint to the IRC follows the rejection of their complaints by the ADB Accountability Mechanism. The Households submitted complaints to the Mechanism’s problem solving function, the Office of the Special Project Facilitator (OSPF), in March 2013. The complaints, however, were determined ineligible on account of an ongoing investigation into the Project by the Mechanism’s compliance review function, the Compliance Review Panel (CRP). A November 2011 complaint to the OSPF by some 150 Households was previously found eligible; that process has recently come to a close, with the majority of the complainants receiving additional compensation to cover the shortfall between the compensation they originally received, and that which they were due under the Resettlement Plan.

“We complained to the OSPF because we saw previous complainants receive the compensation they were due,” said Luy Im, Representative of Complainants from Toul Sangke A. “When the other people complained, we were too scared to join them, and now we cannot access the OSPF process. This is very frustrating.”

“We know that most people didn’t receive the correct compensation,” said Khun Prom Sarith, Representative of Complainants from Trapeang Anhchanh. “By submitting this complaint to the IRC we trust that they will process it in the same way as the OSPF processed the other complaints.”

The lack of flexibility in the ADB’s Accountability Mechanism is the principal cause for the situation. The OSPF guidelines state that it cannot accept a complaint from the same Project if it is already being considered by the CRP, even if the complainants are different. The OSPF will also only facilitate on behalf of those Households who complain to them directly and will not consider all Affected Households.

“When the November 2011 OSPF complaint was submitted, it was requested that any remedies resulting from the process would be applied across the board to benefit all people who had been, or were likely to be, harmed by the Project. This was because many Affected Households had not been made aware of their right to complain to the Mechanism, were too scared to complain as a result of widespread threats and intimidation, or civil society actors did not have adequate resources to reach all Affected Households. In addition, we had data showing systematic downgrading of the compensation received by Affected Households,” said Nora Lindstrom, Programme Development Manager at Sahmakum Teang Tnaut. “Unfortunately, the OSPF declined to consider everyone affected, resulting in a situation where Affected Households now do not have access to the OSPF.”

The CRP complaint, submitted in August 2012, requested a parallel compliance investigation due to the initial OSPF complainants’ dissatisfaction with the problem-solving function’s processes and procedures, and its lack of focus on the Project’s overall compliance with the ADB Involuntary Resettlement Policy.

“The CRP is a completely different mechanism from the OSPF, and while it has the important function of assessing whether the ADB has violated its operational policies and procedures in formulating, processing, or implementing the Project, it does not address the issue of the correctness of compensation rates directly. That’s why simultaneous access to both functions is important,” said Eang Vuthy, Executive Director of Equitable Cambodia. “We sincerely hope however that the IRC will take these new complaints seriously and process them in a fair, transparent, and equitable fashion. This is a great opportunity for the IRC to show its competence and professionalism.”

Media contacts:

Khun Promsarith, Representative of Complainants from Trapeang Anhchanh, Tel: 077 524 790/ 088 922 3270
Ou Lun, Representative of Complainants from Phum 23, Tel: 092 234 295
Luy Im, Representative of Complainants from Toul Sangke A, Tel: 092 655 419
Ros Ly, Representative of Complainants from Toul Sangke A, Tel: 097 393 8883

Nora Lindstrom, Programme Development Manager, Sahmakum Teang Tnaut, Tel: +855 15 552 805, E-mail: nora@teangtnaut.org
Eang Vuthy, Executive Director, Tel: 855 12 791 700, E-mail: vuthy@equitablecambodia.org

Affected Households reach out to ADB Accountability Mechanism, but eligibility is hard to come by

The ADB’s Accountability Mechanism accepts complaints by people harmed, or who are likely to be harmed, by ADB projects. In Cambodia, households affected by the railways rehabilitation project have actively sought to use this mechanism, following well-documented harms suffered as a result of resettlement under the project. A look at the website of the Office of the Special Project Facilitator (OSPF, one arm of the Accountability Mechanism), however reveals that out of four complaints submitted and registered, only one has to date been found eligible. Two complaints have been found ineligible, while the result of the deliberation on the most recent complaint – received by the OSPF on Mar. 26, 2013 – is yet to be made public. As such, it seems only the hundred or so complainants on the eligible OSPF have been able to (possibly) benefit from the ADB’s Accountability Mechanism (results of the OSPF’s intervention are not publicly available). Given that the railways rehabilitation project has negatively affected thousands of households in Cambodia (civil society monitors have documented systematic harms suffered by affected households) and any OSPF intervention benefits only those households who submitted the complaint, the situation with the OSPF raises important questions regarding the accessibility of the ADB’s Accountability Mechanism and the potential benefits it provides to project affected people.

(It should be noted that the ADB Compliance Review Panel (CRP), the independent arm of the Accountability Mechanism, has accepted a complaint by households affected by the railways rehabilitation project, however, given the different functions of the OSPF and CRP, questions remain about the accessibility of the former.)

ADB Releases Cernea Recommendations, Not Full Report

The Asian Development Bank has released the recommendations contained in resettlement expert Michael Cernea’s report regarding the Railways Rehabilitation Project in Cambodia. The ADB’s Public Disclsoure Advisory Committee has however ruled for the full report not be disclosed. You can access the recommendations, which centre around (i) the monitoring system in both the short- and long-term; (ii) systems and procedures for monitoring livelihood and income restoration programs; and (iii) methodological approaches for undertaking comparisons of pre- and post-project living situations in the long-term here. Civil society actors and households affected by the Railways Rehabilitation Project have expressed their regret at the ADB’s lack of full disclosure, calling it a cover up.