រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល​ប្រកាស​លុប​​ចោល​គម្រោង​​សង់​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​លឿន​ពី​ ភ្នំពេញ​ទៅ​ព្រលាន​យន្តហោះ​អន្តរជាតិ​ភ្នំពេញ

ប្រភព ៖ ភ្នំពេញ ប៉ុស្តិ៍ / ថ្ងៃពុធ ទី៦ ខែមេសា ឆ្នំាំ២០១៦, ដោយ and

4-HunSen_8 (1)

លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន ក្នុង​ពិធី​សម្ពោធអគារ​​រដ្ឋបាល​របស់​សាលា​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​ម្សិលមិញ។ ហេង ជីវ័ន

ភ្នំពេញៈ លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ម្សិលមិញ​បាន​ប្រកាស​លុប​ចោល​គម្រោង​​​​​​សាង​​សង់​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​លឿន​ពី​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​ទៅ​​កាន់​ព្រលាន​​យន្តហោះ​អន្តរជាតិ​ភ្នំពេញ និង​បាន​បញ្ជា​ឲ្យ​កែលម្អ​ផ្លូវ​​ដែក​ពី​ស្ថានីយ​រថភ្លើង​ទៅ​គីឡូម៉ែត្រ​​លេខ​ ៦ ធ្វើ​ជា​ផ្លូវ​​កៅស៊ូ​សម្រាប់​​ធ្វើ​​ដំណើរ​​​វិញ​ដើម្បី​​បញ្ចប់​ការ​តវ៉ា និង​​ក្តីបារម្ភ​របស់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​​រង​ផលប៉ះពាល់​ដោយសារ​គម្រោង​នេះ។

ការ​ប្រកាស​នេះ​បាន​ធ្វើ​ឡើង​ក្រោយពី​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​​មកពី​សហគមន៍​ចំនួន​ ៨ ​រស់នៅ​តាម​បណ្តោយ​ផ្លូវ​​រថភ្លើង​បាន​​តវ៉ា​នៅ​​មុខ​ក្រសួង​សាធារណការ​ និង​​ដឹកជញ្ជូន​ជាច្រើន​លើក​ច្រើន​សា​នា​ពេល​កន្លង​​មក​ដើម្បី​​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​ក្រសួង​ និង​អ្នក​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​បើក​វេទិកា​សាធារណៈ​​បង្ហាញ​​ពី​ទំហំ​ផលប៉ះពាល់​ដោយសារ​​ការ​​អភិវឌ្ឍ​​គម្រោង​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​លឿន​នេះ។

ក្នុង​ពិធី​សម្ពោធ​ដាក់​ឲ្យ​ប្រើប្រាស់​អគារ​រដ្ឋបាល​ថ្មី​របស់​សាលា​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ ហ៊ុន សែន បាន​ប្រកាស​​​​​ឲ្យ​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ទាំង​នោះ​បញ្ឈប់​ការ​ធ្វើ​បាតុកម្ម និង​​ទាមទារ​ធ្វើ​វេទិកា​សាធារណៈ​បន្ត​​ទៀត​ព្រោះ​លោក​មិន​អនុញ្ញាត​ឲ្យ​មាន​ការ​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​លឿន​ទេ​នាំ​តែ​ពិបាក។

លោក​ថ្លែង​ថា៖ ​«មាន​​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​ដល់​ទៅ​បី​បួន​​​កំពុង​​សិក្សា​ធ្វើ​អា Express way ពី​នឹង​ទៅ​ពោធិ៍​ចិនតុង​មិន​ទាន់​បាន​អី​ផង​​​​ធ្វើ​បាតុកម្ម​ទាមទារ​ធ្វើ​វេទិកា​​សាធារណៈ​ឥឡូវ​បើ​យើង​អត់​ធ្វើ​មិន​បាច់​​ធ្វើ​វេទិកា​សាធារណៈ​ទេ​ព្រោះ​មិន​ដឹង​និយាយ​ពី​អី»។

បើ​ទោះ​ជា​គម្រោង​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​លឿន​នេះ​ត្រូវ​លុប​ចោល​តែ​លោក​​​​​បាន​បញ្ជា​ឲ្យ​កែលម្អ​ផ្លូវ​ដែក​​ពី​ស្ថានីយ​រថភ្លើង​ទៅ​គីឡូម៉ែត្រ​លេខ​ ៦ ធ្វើ​​ជា​ផ្លូវ​កៅស៊ូ​វិញ។ ​

លោក​ថា៖ «ផ្លូវ​​ហ្នឹង​មិន​​ដែល​​​ប្រើ​ណា​បើ​អត់​​ដែល​ប្រើ​ទេ​លុប​​​ផ្លូវ​រថភ្លើង​​ហ្នឹង​ចោល​​ទៅ​ហើយ​យើង​ធ្វើ​ផ្លូវ​ឲ្យ​វា​​បាន​ធំ​ដើម្បី​រំដោះ​​ចរាចរណ៍​​ចូល​ក្រុង​​​ភ្នំពេញ»។

យោង​តាម​​​របាយការណ៍​​​របស់​ឧបនាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​​ប្រចាំ​ការ​លោក គាត ឈន់ ដាក់​ជូន​លោក​​​​នាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន ស្តីពី​ការ​បង្កើត​​​ក្រុម​​ការងារ​សិក្សា​លើ​គម្រោង​​វិនិយោគ​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវអាកាស​ល្បឿន​លឿន​កាលពី​ថ្ងៃ​ ២៨ ​​​​​​មករា​បាន​ឲ្យ​​ដឹង​​ថា​មាន​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​​ ៣ ដែល​​​​ស្នើសុំ​​វិនិយោគ​រួមមាន​ក្រុមហ៊ុន OCIC ដែល​គ្រោង​ចំណាយ​ទុន​វិនិយោគ ២១៥ លាន​ដុល្លារ​ ក្រុមហ៊ុន​​ហឺណាន​របស់​ចិន​គ្រោង​ចំណាយ​​​​​ទុន​វិនិយោគ​ជិត ២៦០ ​​​លាន​ដុល្លារ និង​​ក្រុម​ហ៊ុន​ Hohibbah Engineering។ តាម​ការ​សិក្សា​ជា​​បឋម​គឺ​​​មាន​​​ពលរដ្ឋ​ជាង​​ ១ ​ពាន់​​គ្រួសារ​ដែល​អាច​រង​​​ផលប៉ះពាល់​ហើយ​​ការ​ចំណាយ​លើ​​ការ​​ដោះស្រាយ​មាន​ទំហំ​​ធំ។

តំណាង​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​រង​ផលប៉ះពាល់​អ្នកស្រី ឃួន សារិន បាន​​​គាំទ្រ​​ចំពោះ​​ការ​ប្រកាស​​របស់​​​​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ដែល​លុប​​ចោល​​គម្រោង​​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​​​លឿន​នេះ​តែ​អ្នកស្រី​ថា​ការ​​អភិវឌ្ឍ​​​ផ្លូវ​ដែក​ទៅ​គីឡូម៉ែត្រ​លេខ​ ៦​ ធ្វើ​ជា​ផ្លូវ​កៅស៊ូ​ក៏​មាន​ផលប៉ះពាល់​ដល់​លំនៅឋាន​ពលរដ្ឋ​មួយ​ចំនួន​​​​​ដែរ។ អ្នកស្រី​បាន​និយាយ​ថា៖ ​«តែ​បើ​សិន​​ថា​​ត្រូវ​អភិវឌ្ឍ​​​ប៉ះពាល់​អ៊ីចឹង​​ធ្វើ​​ម៉េច​ឲ្យ​​ប្រជាជន​ទទួល​សំណង​​សមរម្យ​​ទៅ​តាម​អ្វី​​ដែល​ប្រជាជន​ចង់​បាន​»។

អ្នក​គ្រប់គ្រង​ទូទៅ​នៃ​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​​ហឺណាន លោក Liu Yong បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា​លោក​បាន​ឮ​ព័ត៌មាន​នេះ​តែ​​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​នៅ​មិន​ទាន់​ទទួល​​បាន​លិខិត​​ផ្លូវការ​ពី​​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​នៅ​ឡើយ។

លោក​ លឹម ស៊ីដេនីន រដ្ឋលេខាធិការ​ក្រសួង​​​សាធារណការ​បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា​លោក​​​នៅ​​​ពុំ​ទាន់​បាន​ទទួល​​ព័ត៌មាន​នេះ​ទេ។

ប្រធាន​ក្រុម​ការងារ​ពិសេស​សិទ្ធិ​លំនៅឋាន​លោក សៀ ភារម្យ បាន​សាទរ​ចំពោះ​ការ​លុប​​ចោល​​គម្រោង​នេះ។

លោក​ថា៖ «អ្វី​​ដែល​គាត់​ផ្អាក​ឈប់​សាងសង់​ផ្លូវ​ល្បឿន​នេះ​មាន​​ន័យ​ថា​គាត់​​​យល់​ពី​ទុក្ខ​លំបាក​របស់​​​ពលរដ្ឋ​ហើយ​ដូច្នេះ​​គោលការណ៍​ជ្រើសរើស​ទិសដៅ​ថ្មី​យ៉ាង​ណា​នោះ​ក៏​​គាត់​នឹង​រួម​បញ្ចូល​ទុក្ខ​លំបាក​របស់​​ពលរដ្ឋ​កាត់​បន្ថយ​ផលប៉ះពាល់​របស់​​ពលរដ្ឋ​បើ​មិន​ដូច្នោះ​ទេ​គឺ​មិន​​ខុស​​ពី​​អ្វី​​​​ដែល​គាត់​​ដេញ​ម្ចាស់​ឆ្នោត​ពី​ផ្ទះ​​ពី​​ដីធ្លី​ដោយសារ​តែ​ផ្លូវ​​មួយ​ខ្សែ​អ៊ីចឹង​ពលរដ្ឋ​ក្រីក្រ​​ច្រើន​ណាស់​ដែល​ជា​ម្ចាស់​ឆ្នោត​​ហ្នឹង​នឹង​ដេញ​គាត់​ចេញ​ពី​កៅអី​»។

ក្នុង​ពិធី​នោះ​ដែរ​លោក​នាយក​​​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន ​បាន​ស្តីបន្ទោស​ខ្លាំងៗ​ទៅ​ប្រធាន​​​មន្ទីរ​សាធារណការ​​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ​លោក សាំ ពិសិដ្ឋ​ និង​​អាជ្ញាធរ​​ខណ្ឌ​ដែល​មិន​អើពើ​ជួសជុល​ផ្លូវ​ខូច​ខណៈ​ដែល​មាន​​ពលរដ្ឋ​​មួយ​​​ចំនួន​បាន​​​រអ៊ូរ​ទាំង​ពី​បញ្ហា​ផ្លូវ​ថ្នល់​នេះ។​

លោក​ថា៖«ឯណា​ សាំ ពិសិដ្ឋ?​ មាន​​​ភ្នែក​​​មើល​ផ្លូវ​​អត់ និយាយ​​​​ត្រង់ៗ​ជាមួយ​គ្នា​ម៉ង​ឧស្សាហ៍​ដើរ​មើល​ផង​កុំ​នៅ​​​ចង​​ក្រវាត់​ក​នៅក្នុង​ហ្នឹង​អី​ខ្ញុំ​និយាយ​ត្រង់​តាំងពី​ពេល​លោក​ឯង​ឡើង​មក​គឺ​ផ្លូវ​វា​យ៉ាប់​អា​ធ្វើ​ផ្លូវ​​ថ្មី​ហ្នឹង​វា​បាន​ដែរ​ខ្ញុំ​​អរ​ហើយ​តែ​​​អាចាស់​ហ្នឹង​ម៉េច​​មិន​ព្រម​ជួសជុល​ប្រយ័ត្ន​ថ្ងៃ​ណា​មួយ​​​អស់​បុណ្យ​​អស់​ស័ក្ដិ»។

លោក សាំ ពិសិដ្ឋ មិន​អាច​សុំ​ការ​អធិប្បាយ​បាន​ទេ៕

PP Post: STT blasts its suspension

Vincent MacIsaac, Phnom Penh Post, Sep. 20, 2011

Land-Rights NGO Sahmakum Teang Tnaut yesterday called on authorities to “promptly and unconditionally” allow it to return to its work monitoring the rehabilitation of the country’s railways, following a report it said fully vindicated its claim that its August 2 suspension by the Ministry of Interior was politically motivated.

The report by news agency Deutsche Presse-Agentur cited a June 17 letter from Minister of Economy and Finance Keat Chhon to Prime Minister Hun Sen in which an unidentified ADB consultant allegedly asked the government to take action against STT and NGO Bridges Across Borders Cambodia because the ADB was under pressure from them over its funding of the railway project.

A June 17 letter from the Ministry of Economy and Finance is referred to in the suspension letter sent to STT from the interior ministry, but the Post could not confirm its contents. STT, however, said yesterday, that the “letter was first shown to us, and parts of it read to us, during a meeting with the Ministry of Interior in July”. A spokesperson for STT said the letter was “also referred to in official meeting minutes from our meeting with the MoI”, but said its request for a copy of it had been denied. When asked to comment Interior Ministry spokesman Khieu Sopheak said STT’s suspension was “old news”. He also said it was not his responsibility to comment on any letter from a different ministry, but added that any NGO that wanted to work in Cambodia had to “act according to Cambodian law”.

STT said “other accusations made against us [by the interior ministry] concerning administrative details are not only incorrect, but were used by the government as pretexts to obfuscate the facts and to silence us”. It said the June letter also “reveals a deeply concerning action by a consultant of one of the most influential institutions in the region”, referring to the ADB.

ADB country director Putu Kamayana, however, said: “ADB does not have a copy of the alleged letter … and since we do not have a copy … was unable to verify the accuracy of a translation [it was given].” “Nonetheless, given the seriousness of the allegations, ADB conducted a thorough internal investigation and did not find any evidence to substantiate inappropriate conduct by an ADB consultant.

The NGOs were unable to provide any more information on the alleged statements by the consultants. We have met them numerous times to discuss these issues,” he said.

STT issues media statement, says it has been vindicated by recent revelations

Sahmakum Teang Tnaut has issued a media statement following media reports regarding a letter from the Minister of Economics and Finance to the Prime Minister to “nullify” the organisation. Click here for the full statement: STT public statement.
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Sahmakum Teang Tnaut
Media Statement
Sep. 19, 2011

Sahmakum Teang Tnaut (STT) is a local urban NGO founded in 2005 and registered with the Ministry of Interior (MoI) in 2006. STT’s vision is a society in which urban inhabitants enjoy adequate housing within a sustainably developing city.

Following media reports regarding a letter from the Minister of Economics and Finance to the Prime Minister calling for the “nullification” of STT, we can confirm that we are aware of its existence. The letter was first shown to us, and parts of it read to us, during a meeting with the Ministry of Interior in July. It is also referred to in our suspension notice dated Aug. 2. Our request for a copy of the letter has however been denied.

Since our initial meeting with the Ministry of Interior, following the release of our report on the railways rehabilitation, it has been clear that the actions against us have been politically motivated and are directly related to our work monitoring the resettlement impacts of the ADB and AusAID-financed project. The other accusations made against us concerning administrative details are not only incorrect, but were used by the government as pretexts to obfuscate the facts and to silence us.

The letter from the Minister of Economics and Finance to the Prime Minister not only vindicates our position but also reveals a deeply concerning action by a consultant of one of the most influential institutions in the region, the Asian Development Bank.

STT hopes that this full vindication of our work will cause the authorities to promptly and unconditionally void the suspension, so that we can return to the real and urgent work of monitoring the railways rehabilitation, as well as continue our other projects working with the urban poor.

DPA: Asian Development Bank denies requesting action against NGOs

Sep. 19, 2011, Deutsche Presse-Agentur

Phnom Penh – The Asian Development Bank on Monday dismissed accusations that one of its consultants asked Phnom Penh to act against groups monitoring one of its infrastructure development projects.

An internal investigation found ‘no evidence’ of any request for action against two rights groups that advocate for people affected by a 142-million-dollar railway rehabilitation project, ADB country head Putu Kamayana said.
His comments contradict a June 17 letter from Minister of Finance Keat Chhon to Prime Minister Hun Sen, a copy of which the German Press Agency dpa has seen.

Keat Chhon wrote that an unidentified ADB consultant had asked the government to act against the groups STT and Bridges Across Borders Cambodia (BABC).

In his letter, the minister asked Hun Sen to ‘nullify (their) eligibility.’The ADB consultant has drawn the attention of the government officials to be careful with these NGOs, and requested the government take immediate action on this group of foreign NGOs because (the) ADB is also under political pressure caused by these NGOs,’ he wrote.

Within weeks the government suspended STT for alleged paperwork violations, and warned BABC for ‘discrediting the government’ and inciting people against the government, a criminal offence. Two other groups monitoring railway resettlement were similarly cautioned.

Keat Chhon also wrote that ‘local and international consultants’ from the ADB had said the main goal of the non-governmental organizations was to cancel the railway’s construction.

Cambodia is rehabilitating its railway, which fell into neglect after years of conflict. When completed, the new railway will close the gap in the regional rail network and link Singapore to the city of Kunming in China.

The ADB’s Kamayana said the bank was aware of the allegations and had carried out a ‘thorough internal investigation.’
‘No evidence was found to substantiate alleged misconduct by any ADB consultants,’ Kamayana said by email.

However, the ADB earlier declined to provide a copy of its investigation report, saying dpa could apply for it through the bank’s formal information channels. A formal request on September 13 has so far not been answered. Kamayana said the ADB hoped the NGOs would be allowed to continue their monitoring work, which was ‘integral’ to the project’s success.

In his letter, Keat Chhon also recommended banning any advocacy work by foreign NGOs and foreigners in local NGOs.
He also said the government should rapidly pass and implement the controversial draft NGO Law. The bill has riled some donors and hundreds of civil society groups who say it will impose burdensome restrictions on NGOs, and increase the power of the government over them.

Keat Chhon’s letter carried an annotation from Hun Sen on June 19 approving its contents. Keat Chhon and staff at the finance ministry could not be reached for comment. Officials at other ministries declined to comment.

The ADB has provided 84 million dollars for the railway rehabilitation project, while the Australian government’s development arm AusAID has provided 21.5 million dollars.

STT and BABC have worked for nearly two years with villagers facing resettlement under the rehabilitation.

ADB rules say people who are resettled must not end up worse off. In a letter to the ADB last year the groups targeted by the government criticized conditions at a resettlement site where two children drowned. David Pred, BABC’s executive director, said by email that the ‘dire circumstances’ of many resettled families showed the bank’s consultants had failed in their duties. Referring to the June 17 letter, he said he was ‘deeply disappointed’ that ADB consultants appeared involved in actions against the NGOs.

The authorities have crossed swords with STT and BABC before, notably over the groups’ advocacy on behalf of villagers at the controversial Boeung Kak lake project in central Phnom Penh, which is being developed by a prominent ruling party senator. In March, the World Bank suspended lending to Cambodia after a slew of evictions at the lake saw thousands of residents displaced with what rights groups said was inadequate compensation.